Some gifted children may be misdiagnosed as having psychological or behavioral disorders because of a lack of knowledge about characteristics commonly associated with giftedness, according to Misdiagnosis and Dual Diagnoses of Gifted Children and Adults, by James T. Webb et al. (Great Potential, 2005). The authors compare the traits of giftedness with those of disorders often diagnosed in the gifted and detail the important differences. For example, a child with ADD/ADHD will show inattentiveness in almost all situations, whereas a healthy child of high ability will be bored or inattentive only in specific situations. Behaviors inconsistent with the diagnosis of certain disorders are also listed. Conditions ranging from oppositional, anxiety-related, mood, and sleep disorders to problems stemming from learning disabilities or physical illness are thoroughly examined. The book also addresses relationship issues, explains how to select a professional care provider, and lists suggested resources and readings.
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